A spell's components are what you must do or possess to cast it.

In spell descriptions, the components entry includes an abbreviation that tell what type of components are required:

  • A verbal (V) component is a spoken incantation. To provide a verbal component, you must be able to speak in a strong voice. A silence spell or a gag spoils the incantation (and thus the spell). A spellcaster who has been deafened has a 20% chance to spoil any spell with a verbal component that he or she tries to cast.
  • A somatic (S) component is a measured and precise movement of the hand. You must have at least one hand free to provide a somatic component.
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